The Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England was established in 1983 and currently identifies over 1,650 sites of national importance.
These range from private gardens and city squares to cemeteries and university campuses. Many designed landscapes also have listed buildings or sites within their boundaries.
From town gardens and public parks to country estates, such places are an important, distinctive and much-cherished part of our inheritance, and we must care for them.
As the days grow shorter and the leaves get crispier, here are some of the best parks and gardens to visit this Autumn.
Wakehurst, West Sussex
Birkenhead Park, Merseyside
Designed by Joseph Paxton, Edward Kemp and architects Lewis Hornblower and John Robertson, Birkenhead Park opened in April 1847 in response to declining health conditions during the Industrial Revolution.
It was the first park to be created through an act of Parliament and using public funds and was the inspiration for New York’s Central Park.
Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire
An arboretum is a botanical collection made up exclusively of trees.
Westonbirt is one of England’s finest, home to thousands of species from across the globe.
Sheffield Park, East Sussex
RHS Gardens, Wisley, Surrey
The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) was given Wisley in 1903 by Sir Thomas Hanbury, a wealthy Quaker with a passion for gardening.
The garden quickly acquired a reputation for its grand collections.
More importantly, at Wisley, the RHS had the space to allow plant scientists to study flowers, vegetables and fruit to share with the public which plants were the best to grow.
Kenwood, Hampstead Heath, London
Towards the north end of Hampstead Heath is the protected landscape of Kenwood, which houses the Grand, Grade I Listed home of the same name.
Surrounding the house is an 18th-century landscape park, formal gardens, and woodland.
The Kenwood Ladies’ Bathing Pond is located nearby, open all year round for hardy swimmers.
Friarwood Valley Gardens, Pontefract, Yorkshire
Designed by RW Grubb and laid out in the mid-Twentieth Century, Friarwood Valley Gardens is situated on the site of the town’s medieval monastery.
Wrest Park, Bedfordshire
Wrest Park consists of extensive pleasure grounds, a park and woodland.
The rectangular mansion (listed at Grade I) is near the site’s centre, on the pleasure grounds’ north boundary.