One of the most popular detectives in literature, Sherlock Holmes has seen many outings on the screen.
‘Sherlock’, the BBC1 series with Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman, makes use of many listed buildings in its filming. Here are a few of our favourites.
187 North Gower Street, London, Grade II listed
No list could start without the home of the legendary detective himself: 221b Baker Street.
However, 187 North Gower Street is used to film the TV series. Behind the 20th-century, Regency-style shop front is a Grade II listed building dating from around the 19th century.
Bristol South Baths, Bristol, Grade II listed
Episode: The Great Game (Series 1, Episode 3)
The stunning public baths in Bristol opened in 1931 and provide another key location for the Sherlock Holmes series.
The decorative tilework, cast-iron balcony, wooden seating, and most of the original slipper baths are original features. The Bristol South Baths were part of a series of swimming pools built in Bristol in the 1920s and 1930s as part of a move to give everyone in the city access to swimming facilities.
Battersea Power Station, London, Grade II* listed
Episode: A Scandal in Belgravia (Series 2, Episode 1)
Battersea Power Station, the former electricity generating station built by the London Power Company, has been used for many films and TV shows. It also appears on the cover of the Pink Floyd 1977 album, ‘Animals’.
At one point the power station supplied almost a fifth of London’s electricity before it was decommissioned between 1975 and 1983. The building has stood derelict ever since, but plans are underway for a development which will make new use of this Grade II* listed building.
Hound Tor, Devon, Scheduled Monument
Episode: Hounds of Baskerville (Series 2, Episode 2)
‘The Hound of the Baskervilles’ is arguably one of the most famous Sherlock Holmes stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. It has appeared on film more than 20 times, with Basil Rathbone, Peter Cushing, Tom Baker, Peter O’Toole, Jeremy Brett, and Benedict Cumberbatch all playing the lead role in the story.
The landscape of Dartmoor was said to be the inspiration for the book, and the deserted medieval village of Hound Tor and its surrounding landscapes have been frequently used as filming locations.
Diogenes Club, Grade I listed
Episodes: Reichenbach Fall (Series 2, Episode 3) and The Empty Hearse (Series 3, Episode 1)
The famous, fictional gentleman’s club featured in the Sherlock books and films is actually the home of The British Academy at Carlton Terrace, London.
Built in 1863, the Grade I listed building was designed by John Nash and James Pennethorne.
St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, Grade II listed.
A favourite of the show, and the location of the dramatic scenes at the end of series 2, the Grade II listed North East Wing was built in 1791. It is on the site of the oldest hospital in Britain still providing medical services, founded in 1123.
Written by Paul Wardle-Backhouse, Head of Archive at Historic England