A brief introduction to

10 Fun Facts About London’s Blue Plaque Scheme

1. The first London Blue Plaque was to the poet Lord Byron in 1867

Byron in 1824, by Thomas Phillips (1770-1845)
Byron in 1824, by Thomas Phillips (1770-1845)

But his house in Holles Street, Cavendish Square was demolished in 1889. Its site is now occupied by the John Lewis store.

2. The oldest official plaque still in existence is to the French Emperor Napoleon III


Installed in September 1867 in King Street, St James’s, it is also the only plaque that was erected while the recipient was still alive.

3. Not all Blue Plaques are blue

Fig 366 DP060983

In the early years of the scheme, brown, terracotta, green, bronze, lead and stone plaques were erected. Different shapes, including squares and rectangles, have also been used.

4. The scheme has 880 (mostly blue) Blue Plaques

5. The city of London has just one ‘Blue Plaque’

Brown Plaque to Dr Samuel Johnson in the City of London © English Heritage
Which is terracotta and commemorates Dr Samuel Johnson in Gough Square. It was erected in 1876 and in 1879 the Corporation of the City of London decided to take responsibility for commemorating historic sites.

6. Four plaques are written in Johnston typeface, as used by the Transport for London

Photograph by
Photograph by Ewan Munro

The plaques are for London Underground-related figures, including Harry Beck, the designer of the tube map.

The blue plaque for Harry Beck

7. Sixteen London houses bear two official Blue Plaques

Including 20 Maresfield Gardens (Sigmund Freud and Anna Freud) and 29 Fitzroy Square (George Bernard Shaw and Virginia Woolf).

8. The plaques scheme was suspended from 1915-19 and 1940-7

This was due to wartime economies but an exception was made in 1942 for Vladimir Lenin – a gesture of solidarity with the Soviet Union, Britain’s wartime ally.

9. Nelson Mandela unveiled a Blue Plaque for Ruth First and Jo Slovo

Other famous figures to have unveiled plaques include Yoko Ono for John Lennon, John Cleese for Sigmund Freud, Margaret Thatcher for Nancy Astor, The Queen Mother for P.G. Wodehouse and Pete Townshend for Jimi Hendrix.

Thelma Schoonmaker and Martin Scorsese unveil blue plaque to film-makers Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger
Thelma Schoonmaker and Martin Scorsese unveil blue plaque to film-makers Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger

10. Perhaps the most admired inscription on a plaque is on Bruce Grove, Tottenham, for the pioneering meteorologist, Luke Howard

Luke Howard


The Blue Plaque scheme is now open for nominations. Who do you think should get a Blue Plaque?

Make sure you’ve read the selection criteria before you nominate!

4 comments on “10 Fun Facts About London’s Blue Plaque Scheme

  1. Richard Truscott

    Number 10 on your list, the plaque to Luke Howard, is in Bruce Grove, Tottenham (no. 7), not Tottenham High Road

  2. Its really fun blue plaque spotting when out and about and this post was a great read, thanks.

  3. Bonjour,
    Y a t-il une plaque bleu en mémoire à Freddie Mercury ???
    Merci de votre réponse.


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