The first woman in Parliament Square

Today, Suffragist Millicent Fawcett has become the first woman in history to have a statue in Parliament Square.

Installed on the site of many demonstrations and protests, flanked by the Palace of Westminster, Fawcett joins statues of eleven men including Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill and Mahatma Gandhi.

Why Millicent Fawcett?

Born in Aldeburgh, Suffolk, Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847 – 1929) dedicated her life to improving the lives of women in England. She promoted tireless, peaceful campaigning and from 1907 – 1919 led the largest organisation for female suffrage, the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).

Feature Image: NUWSS procession – Frances Balfour, Millicent Fawcett, Emily Davies, Sophie Bryant, 13 June 1908

Hop over to our earlier blog How the vote was won to learn more

Who else is on the statue?

The bronze cast, designed by Turner Prize-winning artist Gillian Wearing (the first woman sculptor to have work displayed in the square), will also make reference to 59 people who supported the fight for women to be given the right to vote.

Here are 6  you may not have heard of: 

1. A Scottish barrister

Macmillan,_Chrystal_1908-1914_(22704149049). By LSE Library [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons - Copy - Copy
Chrysal Macmillan (1908 – 14) via LSE Library
Chrystal MacMillan (1872 – 1937) was the first woman to plead a case before the House of Lords when she argued for her right to vote in 1908.

She was the first female science graduate of The University of Edinburgh and dedicated suffragist, campaigning throughout Scotland as part of the Scottish Fedaration of Women’s Suffrage societies.  In 1915 she organised the International Congress of Women, at The Hague, to discuss a peaceful resolve of the First World War.

International Congress of Women 1915
International Congress of Women in 1915. left to right:1. Lucy Thoumaian – Armenia, 2. Leopoldine Kulka, 3. Laura Hughes – Canada, 4. Rosika Schwimmer – Hungary, 5. Anika Augspurg – Germany, 6. Jane Addams – USA, 7. Eugenie Hanner, 8. Aletta Jacobs – Netherlands, 9. Chrystal Macmillan – UK, 10. Rosa Genoni – Italy, 11. Anna Kleman – Sweden, 12. Thora Daugaard – Denmark, 13. Louise Keilhau – Norway. Image via LSE Library

2. An Indian princess

1910-Sophia-Suffragette-Duleep-Singh-fixed - Copy - Copy
Princess Sophia Duleep Singh selling subscriptions for the Suffragette newspaper outside Hampton Court in London, April 1913 via Wikimedia Commons

The goddaughter of Queen Victoria, Princess Sophia Alexandra Duleep Singh (1876 – 1948) was a wealthy socialite and celebrity. Born in London, she was the third daughter of Maharaja Duleep Singh – the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. A visit to India with her sisters in 1909, where she experienced poverty and racism, compelled her to activism, and the militant action of the Suffragettes appealed.

Singh sold the suffragette newspaper outside her home at Hampton Court Palace and was one of 300 women who marched on the Houses of Parliament in a 1910 demonstration commonly referred to as ‘Black Friday’. Violent clashes broke out between protestors, police and bystanders, with many women beaten and molested. 115 men and women were arrested.

3. A radical novelist and playwright

Laurence_Housman 1915 via wikipedia
Laurence Housman, 1915 via Wikimedia Commons

Founding member of the Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage, Laurence Housman (1865 – 1959) found literary success with his novel An Englishwoman’s Love Letters (1900) and play Victoria Regina (1934) about Queen Victoria. Depicting biblical characters and living royalty on stage was considered to be a scandal. In 1909, Housman and his sister Clemence (a respected memer of the WSPU) formed the publication collective Suffrage Atelier to widely distribute information in support of the cause.

4. A pioneer of girls’ education

Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy watches the Coronation procession, 1911 - Copy - Copy
Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy watches the Women’s Coronation Procession, 1911. Image via LSE Library

Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy (1833 – 1918) was an active campaigner throughout her life. With little formal education herself, and a belief that education was vital for women, she purchased her own girls’ boarding school in Lancashire and formed the Manchester Schoolmistresses Association in 1865.

She was a founding member of the Kensington society, later the London Society for Women’s Suffrage. In 1868 Elizabeth became secretary of the Married Women’s Property Committee, with the aim give women the right to own, buy and sell property separate to her husband.

5. A woman doctor

Elsie_Inglis via wiki
Elsie Inglis, London 1918. via Wikimedia Commons

Elsie Inglis (1864 – 1917) was compelled towards the suffrage movement through dissatisfaction with the standard of medical care available to women. While working on her medical degree in the 1890s , she was secretary of the Edinburgh National Society for Women’s Suffrage and worked closely with Millicent Fawcett.

During the First World War, Inglis was instrumental in setting up the Scottish Women’s Hospitals for Foreign Service committee, sending teams to Belgium, France, Serbia and Russia. A memorial fountain in Mladenovac, Serbia, commemorates her work for the country.

6. A Mancunian councillor

Debate beteen Suffrage and Anti-Suffrage Societies
Debate between Suffrage & Anti-Suffrage Societies held at Free Trade Hall, Manchester 1909. Sitting: Mrs Arthur Somerwell, Mrs Humphrey Ward, Miss Margaret Ashton, Mrs Helena Swanwick. Standing: Dean of Manchester. Miss – Gladstone, Mrs Margaret Hills (née Robertson). Image via LSE Library

Margaret Ashton (1856 – 1937) became Manchester’s first woman councillor in 1908, using her seat to voice her opinions on votes for women, health and education. She helped to found the Women’s Trade Union and was active in peace campaigns during the First World War.

 

Further Reading:

 

To commemorate the centenary of women winning the vote, we will research, highlight and list places that played a part in the struggle for suffrage and subsequent gender equality.Logo for HerStories brand including Historic England logo

Do you, or does someone in your family or area, have a hidden suffrage story? If you do, we’d love to hear it. 

Send us your stories using the hashtag #HerStories or email us at herstories@HistoricEngland.org.uk

 

1 responses to The first woman in Parliament Square

  1. keithbracey says:

    Reblogged this on keithbracey and commented:
    Millicent Fawcett the first woman to have a statue in #Parliament Square Millicent Fawcett was a Suffragist whose aim was to win #VotesforWomen by peaceful means in contrast to the Suffragettes who vowed to do anything peaceful or not to enfranchise women

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