Before 1967, homosexuality was illegal and loving someone of the same sex was a criminal offence. The privacy of the home provided safety and security for many LGBTQ people when same-sex intimacy was condemned by society.
This week marks 50 years of the Sexual Offences Act 1967, which partially decriminalised homosexuality.
To mark this anniversary, we have listed two places and relisted 14 places, recognising their significance to LGBTQ history. The human stories entwined in these places have been added to their list entry, captured for future generations.
Here we take a look at 5 queer artists’ homes that have become landmarks in LGBTQ history:
Newly listed: The Cabin, Bucks Mills, Devon, Grade II listed
Once a fisherman’s store, this mid-19th century cabin became the studio retreat of artists Judith Ackland and Mary Stella Edwards in 1924. The women met as students in London and fell in love. Together they travelled the country, painting and selling their work. They lived and worked in the cliff edge summer house for sustained periods over 50 years, until Judith’s death in 1971. Mary Stella closed the Cabin and did not return. It has been left unchanged in the care of the National Trust and is still used as an artist residence.
Relisted: Chantry House, West Sussex, Grade II* listed
“Please return in good condition to Gluck, no prefix, suffix or quotes.” – written by Hannah Gluckstein, known as Gluck, on the back of publicity prints of her paintings.
Gluck adopted the name in 1918, and began to dress in traditionally masculine clothes. Gender subversion, non-conformity and queer sexualities played an important role in Gluck’s art. One of her most famous paintings entitled Medallion (YouWe), 1937, a dual portrait with her love, socialite Nesta Obermer later became the cover image for Radclyffe Hall’s 1928 novel The Well of Loneliness, about a lesbian relationship.
After Nesta broke off their relationship in 1944, Gluck began a relationship with Edith Shackleton Heald, the first female reporter in the House of Lords. They lived together in Heald’s home of Chantry House in Sussex until her death in 1978.
Relisted: Priest’s House in Kent, Grade II* listed
Successful theatre producer, director and costumier Edith (Edy) Craig lived at Priest’s House with her female partners – writer and translator Chris St John (Christabel Marshall) from 1899, with artist Tony (Clare) Atwood joining in 1966. They lived together for the rest of their lives and were visited by queer artists and writers including Virginia Woolf and Radclyffe Hall.
Their timber framed house is in the grounds of Grade II* listed Smallhythe Place, home to Edy’s mother Victorian actress Ellen Terry. When Ellen died in 1928, Edy transformed the house into a memorial museum to her mother’s life. She converted the 17th century thatched barn into a theatre and held an annual drama festival from 1929, attracting luminaries of the theatre world including queer actor John Gielgud.
Relisted: Ham Spray House, Wiltshire, Grade II listed
Artist Dora Carrington and the writers Ralph Partridge and Lytton Strachey made Ham Spray House their home from 1924. The ménage a trois were associated with ‘The Bloomsbury Set’ of artists and intellectuals, and had open relationships, often with same-sex partners.
Strachey wrote his books Elizabeth and Essex (1928), Portraits in Miniature (1931) and Characters and Commentaries (1933) in the first floor library of the house. The library was designed by Carrington featuring tiles with Strachey’s monogram and a false bookcase with humorously titles book spines. Strachey died in 1932, and grief stricken Carrington committed suicide shortly after.
Relisted: Sissinghurst Castle, Kent, Grade I listed
Purchased in 1930, the poet and novelist Vita Sackville-West lived at Sissinghurst with her husband Harold Nicolson. They both had numerous same-sex affairs throughout their happy yet unconventional married life. The most well-known of Vita’s love affairs was that with the novelist Virginia Woolf. Woolf is said to have modelled her very successful book Orlando (1928) and its gender-shifting hero on Vita. Both Vita and Harold were discreet about their same-sex affairs. Their home at Sissinghurst allowed them to share a happy, queer marriage.
Pride of Place works to reveal the untold stories of Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) heritage.
You can add your knowledge and images to the List as part of our Enriching the List project. Your contributions enable us to record important facts, and even unlock the secrets of some places.